Plants & Animals

Tawny Frogmouth family

Protecting our natural environment is important to ensure there is access to clean air and water, habitat for native plants and animals, and fertile soils for food.

Council action also includes maintaining and enhancing our treed streetscapes and reserves throughout Monash.  

Council’s vision for urban ecology is outlined below.

Further information can be found in the Environmental Sustainability Strategy 2016-2026 (pdf, 8MB).

Please read Environmental Sustainability Strategy Annual Reports published in Education, Engagement & Reporting section.


  • Maintain and improve local biodiversity, tree canopy cover and the ecological health of ecosystems
  • Increase positive appreciation and stewardship of the urban ecology within the community
  • Define Council’s roles and responsibilities relating to community food gardens


  • A strategic approach to landscape planning is established which recognises biodiversity, habitat connectivity and builds ecosystem resilience
  • Long-term biodiversity outcomes are achieved on Council owned and managed conservation reserves
  • Increased community understanding of and participation in urban ecology and local biodiversity stewardship is achieved
  • Roles, responsibilities and involvement relating to community food gardens are defined and implemented

Council Action and Programs

Council is responsible for the planting and ongoing management of street trees in the municipality. Council’s street tree program aims to provide a healthy environment for trees and residents through ongoing pruning, replanting and removal.

Every year, Council plants around 100,000 trees and shrubs across the city, the majority in the bushland reserves.

Street Trees

Street Tree Strategy

Council adopted a Monash Street Tree Strategy in 2016. The 30 year strategy aims to improve and protect Monash’s valued street trees.

A street tree renewal plan has been developed, with some streets identified for tree removals and re-plantings in 2017.

Other information

If you would like to know more about street tree pruning or identifying tree hazards, or would like to request a new street tree, please find more information in Roads, Streets and Footpaths section.

Trees on Private Property - Vegetation Protection area (VPO)

A planning permit is required to remove or destroy certain vegetation on private property (VPO).

It is the responsibility of the land owner to ensure that either a Planning Permit is applied for, or that the exemptions from the requirement to obtain a Planning Permit are satisfied. Find out more about the Vegetation Protection Overlay area.

The value and benefit of trees

We recognise the benefits and importance of trees in the built environment. Trees have the following benefits:

  • Capturing carbon dioxide and providing oxygen
  • Beautifies your home and street appeal
  • Home for native animals
  • Shade
  • Wind and dust barriers
  • Water and erosion control
  • Sense of place

Nature Strips

Council has developed Planting on Nature Strip guidelines to assist residents who are interested in planting and maintaining indigenous vegetation on their nature strip. Planting indigenous plants on nature strips helps to increase native habitat for wildlife, while improving the amenity of the area.

Under the guidelines, residents are allowed to plant indigenous ground covers, low growing plants, and grasses. Residents interested in undertaking this planting would need to first apply for a free permit from Council.

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Last updated: 13 November 2019